Facts about presidents of the United States. facts about American presidents. List of American presidents. American presidential facts. American presidents information. american presidential electoral map.U.S presidential terms of office.
The President of the United States of America is the country's head of state, head of government and commander in chief of the United States Armed Forces.
The president's official residence is the White House, situated at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington DC.
The house was built between 1792 and 1800 and has been the official residence since 1801, with Thomas Jefferson being the first president to reside there.
The official presidential country retreat is Camp David, situated in Thurmont, Maryland which has been used by presidents since 1942 when it was first used by President Franklyn D. Roosevelt, who named it Shangri - La.
Built in 1935 for federal government agents It was later renamed Camp David after President Dwight D. Eisenhower's grandson, David.
The president's official guest - house for visiting dignitaries is Blair House, built in 1826, situated at 1651 - 1653 Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington D.C.
THE PRESIDENTIAL FLAG.
To date, there have been 44 presidents of the United States of America, since the inaugauration of George Washington on the 3rd of April 1789.
George Washington was president until the 4th of March 1797 and did not hold an affiliation to any political party.
Born in Westmoreland, Virginia, he developed and formed the rituals of government of the U.S.A which are still used to this day. He died aged 67 on December the 14th 1799.
He is hailed as a national icon by all American people, his face is on American bank notes and stamps and he has a multitude of towns, streets, squares and buildings named after him, including the U.S capital city of Washington D.C.
D.C stands for District of Columbia.
U.S presidential electoral map showing how many votes each state has.
A presidential candidate requires 270 electoral votes for a majority, out of 538 votes overall, in order to win the presidency.
Of the 44 presidents there have been 1 Federalist, 1 National Republican, 4 Whigs, 5 Democrat / Republicans, 16 Democrats and 18 Republicans.
The president to hold the shortest term of office was William Henry Harrison, who after just 31 days died from complications of a cold in 1841.
The president to hold the longest term of office was Franklyn Delano Roosevelt whose four terms of office was just over 12 years.
The youngest man to become president was ( the youngest age limit is 35 ) Theodore Roosevelt at just 42 years old.
The oldest man to become president ( there is no maximum age limit ) was Ronald Reagan at 69 years of age.
Of the 44 presidents, 4 have died in office, they were, William Henry Harrison ( pleurisy ), Zachary Taylor ( cholera ), Warren Harding ( stroke ) and Franklyn Delano Roosevelt ( cerebral heammorhage ).
Four men have been assassinated in office, they were Abraham Lincoln ( 1865 ) shot by John Wilkes Booth, James Garfield ( 1881 ) shot by Charles J. Guiteau, William McKinley ( 1901) shot by Leon Frank Czolgosz and John F. Kennedy ( 1963 ) shot by Lee Harvey Oswald.
Two presidents have faced impeachment trials, they were Andrew Johnson who faced a trial in 1867 and 1868 and Wiliam Clinton who faced an impeachment trial in 1996.
Only one man has resigned from office, that was Richard Nixon ( 1974 ) due to a political scandal known as Watergate.
Two former presidents have been followed into office by a son ( but not successively ), John Adams was the father of John Quincy Adams and George Herbert Walker Bush was the father of George Walker Bush.
The two presidents Roosevelt were distant cousins.
THE PRESIDENTIAL SEAL.
The president who was in office during the war years of the American Civil War ( 1861 - 1865 ) was Abraham Lincoln, the president during the war years of WW1 ( 1914 - 1918 ) was Woodrow Wilson, the president in office during WW2 was Franklyn D. Roosevelt, the president in office during the Korean War ( 1950 - 1953 ) was Harry H. Trueman and the presidents in office during the Vietnam War ( 1955 - 1975 ) were Harry H. Trueman,Dwight D. Eisenhower, J.F Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson, Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford.
President George Walker Bush oversaw the start of both the Iraq and the Afghanistan conflicts, which are still ongoing.
THE WHITE HOUSE.
One president was disabled due to illness, and served his term in a wheel chair or by way of the use of leg calipers, this was Franklyn Delano Roosevelt, who it was thought at the time had contracted polio in 1921, but it is now thought that he was suffering from Guillan - Barre Syndrome.
Only one president was a bachelor during office, that was James Buchanan.
Three presidents were married during office, they were James Tyler, Grover Cleveland and Woodrow Wilson.
Four presidents have survived assasination attempts, Ronald Reagen was actually shot and wounded in the lung by John W. Hinkley in 1981, Andrew Jackson was shot at by Richard Lawrence in 1835 but the gun mis - fired, Harry Trueman escaped an attempt on his life by Oscar Collazo and Griselio Torresola at Blair House in 1950 and Gerald Ford escaped two attempted shootings in as many weeks in September 1975 by two women, Lynette Fromme and Sara Jane Moore..
The 44th president is Barack Hussein Obama, he is the first U.S president of mixed race birth and the first U.S president not to be born in the contigious United States, having been born on the island state of Hawaii.
The state to have the most presidents born there is Virginia, with 8 former presidents, followed closely by Ohio with 7 former presidents.
However, more priority is given to a state in which a president has political affiliation and the two states to have the most presidents with a political affiliation are Ohio and New York, both with 6 former presidents each, followed by Virginia with 5 and Massachusetts with 4.
Of America's 50 states, 31 of them have not had a political affiliation with a president.
A full term of office for a president is two years and a president can not serve for more than two consecutive full terms.
Of the 44 presidents, 20 have served one full term and 11 have served two full terms.
Three presidents were unable to complete a second term, William McKinley and Abraham Lincoln were both assassinated and Richard Nixon resigned.
Only one president has ever achieved two terms which did not run consecutively, that was Grover Cleveland who was both the 22nd president ( 1885 - 1889 ) and the 24th president ( 1893 - 1897 ).
Nine presidents have held office due to the death or resignation of a previous president.
Four presidents have held office although they never actually ran for the presidency, they were, John Tyler, Millard Fillmore, Andrew Johnson and Chester Arthur.
Only one president has ever held office who was never duly elected, that was Gerald Ford.
Fourteen presidents were previously vice - presidents before they held presidential office.
PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.
( Name, term duration, political affiliation )
George Washington. - 1789 - 1797. No political affilliation
John Adams. - 1797 - 1801. Federalist.
Thomas Jefferson. - 1801 - 1809. Democratic Republican.
James Madison. - 1809 - 1817. Democratic Republican.
James Monroe. - 1917 - 1825. Democratic Republican.
John Quincy Adams. - 1825 - 1829. Democratic Republican - National Republican.
Andrew Jackson. - 1829 - 1837. Democrat.
Martin Van Buren. - 1837 - 1841.Democrat.
William Henry Harrison. - 1841. Whig.
John Tyler. - 1841 - 1845. Whig.
James Knox Polk. - 1845 - 1849. Democrat.
Zachary Taylor. - 1849 - 1850. Whig.
Millard Fillmore. - 1850 - 1853. Whig.
Franklin Pierce. - 1853 - 1857. Democrat.
James Buchanan. - 1857 - 1861. Democrat.
Abraham Lincoln. - 1861 - 1865. National Republican.
Andrew Johnson. - 1865 - 1869.Democratic National Unionist.
Ulysses Simpson Grant. - 1869 - 1877. Republican.
Rutherford Birchard Hayes. - 1877 - 1881.Republican.
James Abram Garfield. - 1881.Republican.
Chester Alan Arthur. - 1881 - 1885. Republican.
Grover Cleveland. - 1885 - 1889. Democrat.
Benjamin Harrison. - 1889 - 1893. Republican .
Grover Cleveland. - 1893 - 1897. Democrat.
William McKinley. - 1897 - 1901. Republican.
Theodore Roosevelt. - 1901 - 1909. Republican.
William Howard Taft. - 1909 - 1913. Republican.
Woodrow Wilson. - 1913 - 1921. Democrat.
Warren Gamaliel Harding. - 1921 - 1923. Republican.
Calvin Coolidge. - 1923 - 1929. Republican.
Herbert Clark Hoover. - 1929 - 1933. Republican.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt. - 1933 - 1945. Democrat.
Harry S. Truman. - 1945 - 1953. Republican.
Dwight David Eisenhower. - 1953 - 1961. Democrat.
John Fitzgerald Kennedy. - 1961 - 1963. Democrat.
Lyndon Baines Johnson. - 1963 - 1969. Republican.
Richard Milhouse Nixon. - 1969 - 1974. Republican.
Gerald Rudolph Ford. - 1974 - 1977.Republican.
Jimmy Carter. - 1977 - 1981.Democrat.
Ronald Wilson Reagan. - 1981 - 1989.Republican.
George Herbert Walker Bush. - 1989 - 1993. Republican.
William Jefferson Clinton. - 1993 - 2001. Democrat.
George Walker Bush.- 2001 - 2008. Republican.
Barack Hussein Obama. - 2008. Democrat.
Barack Hussein Obama - 2012. Democrat. Incumbent.
AIRFORCE ONE, THE PRESIDENTIAL AIRPLANE, FLYING OVER MOUNT RUSHMORE.
READ ALL ABOUT THE NATIONAL MONUMENT WHICH DEPICTS THE HEADS OF FOUR FORMER U.S PRESIDENTS.
All information has been sourced from various public domain websites,including .www.heptune.com/preslist.html and www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents
All images courtesy of wikimedia commons.
© D.B.Bellamy.November, 2010.